FPGA Configuration Tutorial

What is FPGA Configuration?

The FPGA is made of SRAM (Volatile Memory) so the data configured inside FPGA lost at power Off state. FPGA Configuration is the process of loading the FPGA chip with Configuration data through external devices during power On state.

The Method of Configuring FPGA Can be divided in to

  • Master Mode
  • Slave Mode
  • JTAG Mode

Master Modes

In the Master Mode the Configuration data is stored in external nonvolatile memories such us SPI FLASH, Parallel FLASH, PROM and so on. During configuration process the data is loaded in  the FPGA Configurable Logic Blocks to operate as a specific application. The configuration clock is provided by FPGA in Master Mode operation.

FPGA PROM Configuration

FPGA Configure through External PROM

FPGA SPI Flash Configuration

FPGA Configure through SPI FLASH Memory

FPGA Internal FLASH Configuration

FPGA Configure through Internal FLASH

Slave Mode

In Slave Mode, The entire configuration Process is controlled by External device. Those External device may be of processor, Microcontroller, and so on. The Configuration can performed serially or parallel method.  The Clock input is supplied by the external device for Slave mode.

FPGA Configuration Slave Mode


JTAG Connection

The four-wire JTAG interface is common on board testers and debugging hardware.FPGA mainly uses JTAG interface for prototype download and debugging. JTAG Consist of TCK, TMS, TDI and TDO lines for communication.

FPGA JTAG Configuration

1 thought on “FPGA Configuration Tutorial”

Leave a Reply


Chat with us for queries on the EDGE FPGA kit